Famous Doctors on Stamps

Discussion in 'Stamp Chat' started by Werner Salentin, Feb 14, 2019.

  1. Molokai

    Molokai Moderator Moderator

    Speaking of Austria..that country's top rated chess player, Eva Moser, passed away last week at the too-young age of 36. She played an aggressive game and had a very interesting opening repertoire.
     
  2. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1032.jpg
    Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857-1940) was a psychiatrist.A highly gifted pupil,
    he started his medical studies at 17,obtained his doctorate with 23 and habilitated at the age of 28.He did also work in other medical fields.
    So he received the Nobel-Prize for Medicine in 1927 for his treatment of late
    stages of syphilis,be infecting patients with Malaria.This method was abolished,
    when antibiotics were discovered.
    stamp issued March 7th,1957;
     
  3. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1077.jpg
    Anton von Eiselsberg 1860-1939,born in Steinhaus Castle,Austria,residence of his forefathers.
    He studied medicine at the universities of Vienna,Würzburg,Zürich and Paris.
    Among his teachers were Theodor Billroth and Robert Koch.
    A surgeon by profession,he was a pioneer of Neuro-Surgery.
    He also worked as a teacher and was a professor at the universities of Utrecht
    (Netherlands) and Königsberg (Eastern Prussia,today Kaliningrad,Russia).
    But the centre of his working remained Vienna.
    He also was a pioneer of trauma-surgery.He died,on his way to a patient,
    in a train-crash in 1939.
    Stamp issued June 20th,1960,commemorating von Eiselsberg´s 100th birth
    anniversary.
     
  4. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1192.jpg
    Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis (Ignác Fülöp in hungarian) was born in todays
    Budapest as son of a german family.After his studies he became an
    assistance doctor at the Vienna General Hospital in 1846.He worked in
    the maternal clinic.
    At the time child bed fever was was rampant in all hospitals.In his clinic,
    what was at the time amongst the leading hospitals worldwide,the mortality-rate
    by child bed fever was at 13%.He realized,that it was caused by the lack of
    hygiene.In 1847/48 he published a study,that with washing and desinfecting
    the hands of doctors and nurses in his section the mortality-rate was brought
    down to about 1%.However the established doctors did not show any interest
    in his ideas.He was set back and bullied,so that he left Vienna in 1850 utterly
    disappointed.He opened a medical practice in Pest (today Budapest) and
    later became a professor at the universty of Pest,what today is named after him.
    In his lifetime his teachings never were recognized by the medical world.
    In 1865 he felt in deep depressions and was put into a lunatic asylum,without
    prior examination by a doctor.There he soon died under dubious circunstances.
    In 1963,nearly one hundred years after his dead his body was exhumed.
    The many bone-fractures,that were found,were likely inflicted on him by the
    wardens of the asylum.They were the cause of his sudden death.
    It needed more than two decades after his death,that hygiene became
    accepted (outgoing from Britain and not from Austria !) as a must in medicine.
    It is a pity,that the men whose works saved more human lives than any other
    medical achievement ever,had such a sad life and death.
     
  5. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1266.jpg
    Karl Landsteiner,born in Vienna 1868,died in New York 1943.
    After having finished his studies,Landsteiner worked for five years in laboratories
    in Zürich,Würzburg and Munic,before returning to Vienna in 1896.
    Here he worked at different hospitals and laboratories in the fields of pathology
    and immunolgy,always more a researcher and teacher,than a practical doctor.
    In 1900 he found a described the AB0 blood group system.For this discovery
    he received the 1930 Nobel Prize for Medicine.
    Because of the bad material conditions in Vienna,due to the lost WW I,
    Landsteiner left Austria in 1919 and finally settled in the US.He and his family became US-citizens in 1930.However he always felt to be a European,although he spoke German only,when he got angry with students or assistents.
    He was a "working machine" all his life and died two days after struck down
    by a heart attack,while at work in his laboratory at the Rockefeller Institute,
    aged 75,in 1943.
     
  6. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1414.jpg
    Otto Loewi 1873-1961 was born in Frankfurt/Main.He studied in Munic and
    Straßburg,where he obtained his doctorate in clinical pharmacology in 1896.
    He was more interested in philosophy than medicine,but nevertheless finished
    his studies.Around 1900 he moved to Vienna,where he worked in the field
    of pharmacology research.He soon obtained the citizenship of Austria but also
    kept his german citizenship.In 1909 he got a professorship for pharmacology
    at the university of Graz.
    In 1921 he discovered the chemical nature of nerve-impulse transmission,the
    Neuro-Transmitters.For this discovery he received the medicine-Nobel Prize,
    together with Henry H.Dale,in 1936.
    Because he was jewish he was forced to leave Austria after the "Anschluß",when
    Austria was incorporated into Nazi-Germany,in 1938.
    In 1940 he went to the USA,became a citizen in 1946 and died in New York
    in 1961.
     

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  7. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1436.jpg
    Fritz Pregel 1869-1930
    Born in Laibach (Ljubljana/Slowenia) to a slowenian father and a german
    mother,he studied medicine in Graz.In 1913 he became a professor for
    medical chemistry at the university of Graz.In 1923 he was awarded the
    Nobel Prize for chemistry for his invention of "Micro-Analysis of Organic
    Substances".
    Stamp issued Dec.12th,1973,commemorating the 50th anniversary of Pregel winning the Nobel prize.
     
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  8. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1462.jpg
    see post #9
    issued Sept.10th,1974
     

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  9. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1509.jpg
    Robert Bárány 1876-1936 was born in Vienna.He specialized to become a
    ear,nose and throat specialist.He researched the vestibular apparatus in the
    inner ear.For that he was rewarded,as the first Austrian,the Nobel Prize for
    Medicine of 1914.Due to the outbreak of WW I,the awarding ceremony was moved to 1915.However at the time Bárány was a P.O.W. in camp in Russia.
    Prince Carl of Sweden mediated his release and Bárány could collect the prize
    in 1916.
    Back in Vienna he had to fight the jealousy of many of his colleagues,mixed
    with anti-semitic hostilties.
    So he he gladly took his chance,going to Uppsala in Sweden,when he was offered a professorship at the uninversity.There he lived the remaining years
    of his life.
     

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  10. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1518.jpg
    Constantin Alexander Freiherr Economo von San Serft 1876-1931 was born
    in Romania from parents of greek descent.He grew up in Trieste,where he
    attended the German Gymnasium.He studied medicine in Vienna and specialized
    in the science of the brain.In 1916 he was the first to describe the "Encephalitis
    Lethargica",also called "Economo Disease" what raged epidemic-like in Europe
    and North-America from 1915 till 1927.Estimated up to a million people were
    affected with a mortality rate of about 30%.He published a lot.Most important
    is the work about the localisation of different regions of the human brain.
    His "second life" was that of an aviator.He was the first Austrian who obtained
    a pilot-licence (1906).In WW I he served as a fighter-pilot on the Italian front.
    stamp issued Aug.23rd,1976
     
  11. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1668.jpg
    Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg in Mähren (today Czech Republic).
    The Family moved to Vienna,when he still was a baby.
    There he went to school and later studied medicine.
    He became the "father" of the psychoanalysis.
    Although proposed more often,than any other physician for the Nobel Prize,
    he never received it,because the Nobel-Committee did not regard
    psychotherapy as a real science.
    Although a convinced atheist,Freud felt strongly as being jewish.In his philosophical ideas,he was close to Feuerbach;Nietzsche and Schopenhauer.
    He equalized religion with an early childhood neurosis.The child needs a father
    figure to save it from the dangers of the world.For adults,who do not have the
    strength to stand on their own,religion or god(s) replace this father.
    I fully agree with his point of view.
    Freud was a heavy cigar-smoker for many years.In 1922 he became ill with palate-cancer.Parts of his palate and the right upper jaw had to be removed.
    In the following years he had to undergo more than thirty more surgeries,but
    the cancer got worse all the time.
    In 1938,when Austria became a part of Nazi-Germany,Freud immigrated with
    his family to England.In 1939 he asked a friend to relieve him from his cancer
    pains and received a lethal dose of morphine.
    Stamp issued May 6th,1981,in commemoration of Freud´s 125th birth anniversary.
     
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  12. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1700.jpg
    Sebastian Kneipp 1821-1897 was born into a poor family in Swabia,the south-east of Bavaria.His father was a weaver.When the family´s house burnt down,
    he left and found work as a farm-hand.
    His school-education was rudimentary,but he was lucky that a priest prepared him for higher education.At the age of 23 he attended a latin-gymnasium.
    (normally entry age is 10-11).Later he studied theology and was ordained
    as a priest in 1852.
    He had a lung-desease,possibly turberculosis,what he cured with cold-water-
    treatment.In 1855 he was sent to Wörrishofen.There he started treating
    more and more people with his water-cures.School-Medince doctors were
    hostile and brought him to court several times,but they could not stop him.
    He became famous all over Europe and dignitaries,like Prince Ruprecht of
    Bavaria and Archduke Joseph of Austria/Hungary became his clients.
    In 1893 he treated Pope Leo XIII and recieved many honours.
    Wörrishofen became a great spa with more than 100.000 patients in 1893.
    In 1897 he died from a tumor in his lower abdomen,refusing surgery.
    Kneipp did not invent the water-cure,but he was the one who formalized it
    and made it popular world-wide.
     
  13. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1702.jpg
    Doctor performing an urine analysis.Miniature from the "Canone di Avicenna".
    stamp issued May 12th,1982;
     
  14. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1800.jpg
    Lorenz Böhler 1885-1973 was a pioneer of trauma-surgery.
    As a military surgeon in both worldwars he had ample possibilities to perform
    new surgery-technics on wounded soldiers.However he also was close to the
    Nazi-movement and was dissmissed from teaching and practising in 1945 by
    the victory power´s administration.But for a short while only.The first president
    of the re-established Austria,Karl Renner,helped to get Böhler back in his
    former positions soonly.
    stamp issued Jan.15th,1985
     
  15. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    Med Ö 1826.jpg
    Albert Politzer 1835-1920 was born in Alberti (today Albertirsa) near Budapest.
    He studied medicine in Vienna and after that went for advanced studies to
    different specialists abroad.He habilitated as otologist in 1861 and taught at
    the Vienna University.In 1873 he together with Josef Gruber became head of
    the Vienna University Otology Hospital,the first of it´s kind worldwide.
    Politzer is regarded as the most eminent otologist of the 19th Century.
    He wrote a number of otolgy standard books,what are still actual today.
     
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