issued Dec.5th,1937 Gerhard (Gerard) van Swieten was born in Leiden (Holland). Because as a catholic he could not applie for a leading position at the university,he worked as a prominent practical doctor. In 1845 he became the personal doctor of the empress Maria Theresia of Austria. His position was more like that of a health minister.He reformed the Austrian medical system and the medical training at the universities. Most famous he became for his fight against superstition.At the time the myth of vampires was very widespread.He travelled to the east of the empire to prove that vampires were nothing but a myth. He was the the model for B.Stokers Dr.van Helsing in his book Dracula.