Composers on Stamps

Discussion in 'Stamp Chat' started by Molokai, Oct 7, 2018.

  1. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1781.jpg
    issued June 5th,1984
    Born as Rudolf Josef Frantisek Benatzky in Moravia,he joined the
    k.u.k. army with age of 15 as a cadet.For health-reasons he had to end
    his career in 1907 with the rank of a second lieutenant.He then went to
    university in Vienna and ended his studies as a Doctor of Philosophy.
    During the same time he also took music lessons.Antonin Dvorak was
    one of his teachers.
    From 1909 on he started composing popular songs.He later went to Berlin
    where he wrote songs for political cabarets.
    However he is best known as a composer of operettas.His most popular
    operetta is "Im weißen Rössl",what made him a wealthy man.
    In 1932 he left Germany for Switzerland,because he foresaw the rule of the
    Nazis.1938 he moved to the US,where he settled down permanently in 1940,
    when he was denied the swiss citizenship.However in 1948 he returned to
    his villa in Thun,Canton Bern,where he spent his final years.
    He is buried in St.Wolfgang im Salzkammergut,the scene of "Im weißen Rössel".
     
    Last edited: Apr 3, 2019
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  2. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1803.jpg
    issued Feb.8th,1985
    The Viennese Alban Berg was a modern classical composer.
    He is probably best known for his operas Wozzek and Lulu.Lulu remained
    unfinished due to his early dead from a sepsis.He also wrote different
    orchestrial pieces,like his violin-concert.
     
    Last edited: Apr 3, 2019
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  3. Molokai

    Molokai Well-Known Member

    So much music to listen to...and so little time!
     
  4. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    What can I say,Molokai ?
    Can you imagine that I have not heard a single piece of classical music
    during the last twelve years ? Apart from small sequences in films,watched
    in (german) television.
    Music was all those years a nuisance only,when people in the neighbourhood
    had fiestas with nerve-shattering Latin Pop and nothing but Latin Pop.
    Don´t ask for the radio...
    So,when we will be back in Germany,I will have a lot to make up for !
     
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  5. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1811.jpg
    issued May 3rd,1985
    Johann Joseph Fux (ca.1660-1741) born near Graz in Styria was a baroque
    composer and music-theoretician.He became musical director at the
    Stephansdom (St.Stephens Cathedral) in Vienna and musical director of
    the imperial court.He wrote about 30 operas,50 masses and many other
    compositions.His theoretical works about the "Kontrapunkt" (counterpoint)
    were important for the development of the classical music.
     

    Attached Files:

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  6. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1839.jpg
    Johann Georg Albrechtsberger 1736-1809 was an composer,music-theoretican and organist.As music-teacher he had many composers as students.One of his
    students was a certain Ludwig van Beethoven.Albrechtsberger is said to have
    remarked about him: he will never get anywhere...
     
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  7. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1849.jpg
    issued May 21st,1986,to commemorate The "International Wagner Congress"
    in Vienna.
    Richard Wagner 1813-1883 introduced a new form of opera,he called
    "Singspiel".Much of his music really is impressive.But for me his operas
    are a little bit too long.He was very successful and had and has many admirers.
    The most famous of them was King Ludwig II (the Fairy-Tale King) of Bavaria,
    who helped to build a custom-made opera-house for Wagner in Bayreuth.
    The "Hill in Bayreuth" is the venue of the "Richard-Wagner-Festspiele" every
    year.A meeting point of the powerful,rich and beautiful and of course the
    normal "Wagnerianer".
    In the background of the stamp there is a scene from Lohengrin.
    Another scene from this opera is shown on the stamp below,issued May 23rd,
    1969 in a sheetlet of of 8 stamps.

    K Ö 1849B.jpg
     
  8. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1866.jpg

    175th birth anniversary of Franz Liszt.
    The young Liszt and his birthplace in Raiding (Burgenland).
    see post 27 in this thread !
     
  9. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1900.jpg
    Michael Haydn (1737-1806),the younger brother of Joseph Haydn was a
    composer and organist.He spent most of his life as a musician in Salzburg,
    where he was organist (from 1782) at the Dreifaltigkeits-Kirche.A position
    what held before him Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.Mozart and he were good
    friends.Haydn was very productive composing sacred music,but wrote more
    than forty symphonies and other "secular music" as well.
    His works never went into print during his lifetime,so he is a rather forgotten
    composer,who was "re-discovered" during the last decades only.
     
  10. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1905.jpg
    Christoph Willibald Gluck,born 1714 in Upper Palatine was a pre-classical
    composer.His father,a forester,who had moved the family to Bohemia,wanted
    Christoph Willibald to become a forester as well.Gluck left and made his way
    to Vienna and later to Milan,where he studied the Italian Opera.From there he
    started an international career.He is regarded as the most important opera
    composer of the second half of the 18th century.In the 1770th,with the help
    of Marie Antoinette,the french Queen,whoem he had given singing instructions,
    when a princess in Vienna,he changed from Italian Operas to French Operas.
    In those years he commuted between Vienna and Paris.After his first stroke
    in 1779 he withdraw from public life and lived his last years in Vienna.There
    he died,after a second stroke in 1787.
    Gluck wrote all his operas in Italian and French,but not one in German.
    His most played opera today is "Orpheus and Eurydike",as it is titled in German.
     
    Last edited: May 8, 2019
  11. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1908.jpg
    issued Nov.27th,1987
    Josef Mohr and Franz Xaver Gruber see post #10 in this thread.
    1987 was the 200th birth anniversary of Gruber.
     
  12. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1961.jpg
    Richard Strauss 1864-1949 (no relation to the Strauß-dynasty of Austria) was born in Munic into a wealthy,musical family.His father,a professional hornist,
    fostered his Richard´s musical talent from early childhood.So his official
    opus no.1,was composed at the age of 12.
    He wrote an enormous number of compositions,being productive till his death.
    15 operas,more than 200 Lieder and much,much more.
    His most famous (popular) theme is the beginning of his "symphonic poem"
    "Also sprach Zarathustra" (1896),one of the best known classical compositions worldwide.
    He was a "Wagnerianer" and performed many works of Wagner as a conductor.
    He was one of the great conductors of the 20th century.
    Much more to say about him.He was co-inventor of of a co-operative for
    musicians,who strengthened the copy-right laws and social welfare of musicians.
    During the Nazi-rule he was in high positions,but his relation to the Nazi-state
    was ambigious.Hitler admired him,but Goebbels did not trust him.
    stamp issued June 1st,1989
    K Ö 1961B.jpg
    scene from Strauss´opera "Der Rosenkavalier"
    stamp issued May 23rd,1969
     

    Attached Files:

  13. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 1980.jpg
    Born as Salomon Levi in Hohenems/Vorarlberg,Salomon Sulzer (since 1813),
    became cantor of Hohenems with the age of 13.This was possible,because
    Emperor Franz I decreed a dispensation under the condition,that Sulzer would
    take a musical education,lasting at least for three years.
    In 1838 Sulzer published a collection of lithurgical songs,the "Schir Zion".
    Till then the singing in synagogues was in the orthodox style.While Sulzers
    compositions were orientated at the contemporary classical music.
    "Schir Zion" was gradually introduced in most reformed synagogues of Western Europe.
    stamp issued Jan.17th,1990
     

    Attached Files:

  14. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö 2021.jpg
    The 200th anniversary of Mozart´s death.
    From a souvenir sheet,issued March 22nd,1991
    K Ö 2021B.jpg
    Mozart´s opera "Die Zauberflöte" (The Magic Flute),issued May 23rd,1969,
    from a sheetlet of 8 stamps.(Papageno)
     
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  15. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö S1686.jpg
    Franz von Suppé 1819-1895 was born as Francesco Ezechiele Ermenegildo von
    Suppé in Split/Dalmatia,then Hungary,today Croatia.He grew up in Zadar and
    moved,after the death of his father,to Vienna,the birthplace of his mother,
    when 16 years old.There he studied music.
    He was a proliferate composer.Three operas,26 operettas and the music for
    more than 200 stage plays,as well as songs,masses and symphonic pieces.
    Today his operetta "Boccaccio" (1879) is the only,what is performed quite
    often in Germany.
    The overture of his operetta "Leichte Kavallerie" (1866) is very popular and
    his best know piece of music.
    stamp isssued Sept.15th,1995
     
    Last edited: Jun 13, 2019
  16. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö S1687.jpg
    Nico Dostal 1895-1981 was a composer of more than 20 operettas.
    He also composed many film musics and other popular pieces.
    He woked as a conductor and musical director as well.
    stamp issued Sept.15th,1995
     
  17. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö S1691.jpg
    Anton von Webern 1883-1945 was a modern classical composer and conductor.
    After having studied musicolgy,he became a pupil of Arnold Schönberg.
    He wrote different types of compositions and "Lieder".
    Several of his compositions were atonal or set in twelve-tone-music.
    He died in 1945 by an "accident": he was shot by an US-soldier in front of his
    house in Mittersill.
     

    Attached Files:

  18. Werner Salentin

    Werner Salentin Well-Known Member

    K Ö S1692.jpg
    The "Incomparable" again,issued Oct.20th,1995.
     
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